Wednesday, 16 January 2013

grid searching

Asp.net SqlDataSource control ease our lives because if you are using SqlDataSource control to bind a GridView control then no need to sorting gridview or paging gridview control since you will achieve it automatically. But if you are using different datasource like Datatable, DataSet then you need to GridView sorting manually. Here in this article I will show you how you can develop GridView Sorting easily. One thing keep in mind that When you need to sort a GridView then each time you have to bind the GridView with data.

So you have two way to hold data:
1. You can read data from database each time
2. You can store data within viewstate or cache

Here I am using asp.net cache since you knew that viewstate will increase the page response time. Ok lets start. Add a page in your project then add a GridView on it. Now from GridView properties set the AllowSorting=true. Now in your each bind column set the sortexpression like below:
01<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" Width="800px" AutoGenerateColumns="False" AllowSorting="true" OnSorting="GridView1_Sorting" >
02         <HeaderStyle BackColor="Red" Font-Bold="true" ForeColor="White" />
03         <RowStyle BackColor="LightGray" />
04         <AlternatingRowStyle BackColor="LightGray" />
05         <Columns>
06             <asp:BoundField DataField="Brand" HeaderText="Brand Name" SortExpression="Brand"/>
07             <asp:BoundField DataField="Category" HeaderText="Category Name" SortExpression="Category" />
08             <asp:BoundField DataField="Product" HeaderText="Product Name" SortExpression="Product"/>
09         </Columns>
10        </asp:GridView>
* SortExpression must be same as DataField property.


Now in page_load method follow my below sample code:
01protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
02    {
03        if (!IsPostBack)
04        {
05            DataTable dt;
06            String SQL = "SELECT B.Name Brand,C.Name Category, " +
07                    "P.Name Product FROM " +
08                    "Brand B, Category C, Product P " +
09                    "WHERE B.ID=P.BrandID AND C.ID=P.CategoryID Order BY 1,2,3";
10 
11 
12            string sConstr = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["TestConnection"].ConnectionString;
13            using (SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(sConstr))
14            {
15                using (SqlCommand comm = new SqlCommand(SQL, conn))
16                {
17                    conn.Open();
18                    using (SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(comm))
19                    {
20                        dt = new DataTable("tbl");
21                        da.Fill(dt);
22                    }
23                }
24            }
25 
26            GridView1.DataSource = dt;
27            GridView1.DataBind();
28            Cache["dt"] = dt;
29            ViewState["Column_Name"] = "Brand";
30            ViewState["Sort_Order"] = "ASC";
31        }
32    }

From here you can change your query according to your base table. Now add the Sorting event of your gridview and write the below code:
01protected void GridView1_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
02    {
03        if (e.SortExpression == ViewState["Column_Name"].ToString())
04        {
05            if (ViewState["Sort_Order"].ToString() == "ASC")
06                RebindData(e.SortExpression, "DESC");
07            else
08                RebindData(e.SortExpression, "ASC");
09        }
10        else
11            RebindData(e.SortExpression, "ASC");
12    }
If you look at the code you found that here I am using a method named RebindData. The code for this method is given below:
1private void RebindData(string sColimnName,string sSortOrder)
2    {
3        DataTable dt=(DataTable)Cache["dt"];
4        dt.DefaultView.Sort = sColimnName + " " + sSortOrder;
5        GridView1.DataSource = dt;
6        GridView1.DataBind();
7        ViewState["Column_Name"] = sColimnName;
8        ViewState["Sort_Order"] = sSortOrder;
9    }

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